Alpine Linux 是一个面向安全的轻量级 Linux 发行版,该发行版以安全为理念,面向 x86 路由器、防火墙、虚拟专用网、IP 电话盒及服务器而设计。另外,不同于常见的 Linux 发行版,Alpine Linux 采用 musl libc 和 busybox 以减小系统的体积和运行时资源消耗。在保持瘦身的同时,Alpine Linux 还提供了自己的包管理工具 apk,可以在其网站上查询软件包,或直接通过 apk 命令进行查询和安装。

Alpine Linux is a security-oriented lightweight Linux distribution. The distribution is designed for x86 routers, firewalls, virtual private networks, IP phone boxes, and servers based on the concept of security. In addition, unlike common Linux distributions, Alpine Linux uses musl libc and busybox to reduce system size and runtime resource consumption. While keeping weight thin, Alpine Linux also provides its own package management tool apk, which can be queried on its website, or queried and installed directly through the apk command.

Alpine Linux 3.15 updates are as follows:
HIGHLIGHTS:

Support for disk encryption in the installer
Support for kernel modules outside the tree through AKMS
Initial support for UEFI secure boot on x86_64
Linux Kernels 5.15 (LTS)
llvm 12
nodejs 16.13 (LTS) / nodejs-current 17.0
postgresql 14
openldap 2.6
ruby 3.0
rust 1.56
openjdk 17
kea 2.0
xorg-server 21.1
GNOME 41
KDE Plasma 5.23 / KDE Applications 21.08 / Plasma Mobile Gear 21.10

SIGNIFICANT CHANGES

The kernel module is now compressed with gzip
The Framebuffer driver in the kernel has been disabled and replaced by simpledrm
Due to lack of upstream support, qt5-qtwebkit and related packages have been removed
The MIPS64 port has been discontinued. The framework has been terminated and there will be no new version

DEPRECATION NOTES

sudo will be moved to community in Alpine Linux 3.16. It is recommended to replace it with doas, which is available in main.
php7 is being phased out, as the last version, 7.4 will only have one year of security support left. Variety

For more details, please view: https://alpinelinux.org/posts/Alpine-3.15.0-released.html

Alpine Linux 3.15 更新内容如下:
HIGHLIGHTS:

在安装程序中支持磁盘加密
通过 AKMS 支持树外的内核模块
在 x86_64 上初步支持 UEFI 安全启动
Linux Kernels 5.15 (LTS)
llvm 12
nodejs 16.13 (LTS) / nodejs-current 17.0
postgresql 14
openldap 2.6
ruby 3.0
rust 1.56
openjdk 17
kea 2.0
xorg-server 21.1
GNOME 41
KDE Plasma 5.23 / KDE Applications 21.08 / Plasma Mobile Gear 21.10

SIGNIFICANT CHANGES

内核模块现在是用 gzip 压缩的
内核中的 Framebuffer 驱动已被禁用,由 simpledrm 取代
由于缺乏上游支持,qt5-qtwebkit 及相关软件包已被删除
MIPS64 移植已经停止了。该架构已经终止, 将不会有新的版本

DEPRECATION NOTES

sudo 将在 Alpine Linux 3.16 中被移至 community。建议替换为 doas,它在 main 中可用。
php7 正在被淘汰,作为最后一个版本,7.4 将只剩下一年的安全支持。 变化

更多详情可查看:https://alpinelinux.org/posts/Alpine-3.15.0-released.html

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