NGINX 宣布了创始人 Igor Sysoev 从 NGINX 和 F5 离职的消息,并写道:“Igor Sysoev 选择离开 F5,以便将更多的时间留给陪伴家人和朋友,以及个人项目。感谢他所做的一切让全世界的网站变得更好。”NGINX announced the departure of founder Igor Sysoev from NGINX and F5, writing: “Igor Sysoev has chosen to leave F5 in order to spend more time with family and friends, as well as personal projects. Thank you for everything he has done to make Websites around the world just got better.”
According to the NGINX blog, in the spring of 2002, Igor Sysoev started developing NGINX. At the time when Apache HTTP Server was dominant, Igor Sysoev observed the rapid development of the Internet and found that the way Apache HTTP Server handled connections could not scale to meet the ever-evolving needs of the Internet. So he set out to deal with this problem and imagined a better way to handle web traffic — a novel architecture that would allow high-traffic sites to better handle tens of thousands of concurrent connections and cache all kinds of content, For example, images or videos that cause website pages to load slowly.
After several companies in Russia and abroad started using NGINX, Igor officially released NGINX to the public on October 4, 2004 and made it open source.
For the next seven years, he was solely responsible for the development and maintenance of NGINX. During this time, he wrote hundreds of thousands of lines of code, and the functionality provided by NGINX was no longer just a web server and reverse proxy, but developed into a true “Swiss Army Knife” for web applications and services, increasing Important core functions such as load balancing, caching, security, and content acceleration are implemented. NGINX quickly gained market share with its excellent performance and rich feature set.
In 2011, Igor founded NGINX with co-founders Maxim Konovalov and Andrew Alexeev to begin commercializing services around NGINX. NGINX’s approach of adding functionality to commercial versions in the form of proprietary modules seemed novel at the time, and has been adopted by many open source startups until now.
Under Igor’s guidance, NGINX has continuously improved its open source product since the company’s inception, with more than 140 releases. In addition to NGINX, Igor has overseen the rapid development of other popular NGINX projects, including NGINX JavaScript (njs) and NGINX Unit. He also designed a new implementation of the sendfile(2) system call, which was integrated into the FreeBSD operating system.
▲ From right: Igor Sysoev, CEO Gus Robertson, co-founders Andrew Alexeev and Maxim Konovalov On March 11, 2019, F5 acquired NGINX for $670 million.
At the end of 2019, NGINX powers more than 475 million websites, and by 2021, NGINX is the most widely used web server in the world.

根据 NGINX 博客的介绍,2002 年春天,Igor Sysoev 开始开发 NGINX。当时还是 Apache HTTP Server 占主导地位的时代,Igor Sysoev 观察到了互联网的飞速发展,他发现 Apache HTTP Server 处理连接的方式不能扩展,无法满足互联网不断发展的需求。因此他开始着手研究处理此问题,并设想了更好的方式来处理网络流量 —— 一种新颖的架构可以让高流量网站更好地处理数以万计的并发连接,并缓存各类内容,例如会导致网站页面加载缓慢的图片或视频。

在俄罗斯和国外的几家公司开始使用 NGINX 之后,Igor 于 2004 年 10 月 4 日正式对外公开发布 NGINX,并将其开源。

此后长达 7 年的时间里,他独自一人负责 NGINX 的开发和维护工作。在此期间,他编写了数十万行代码,NGINX 提供的功能也不再是仅包含 Web 服务器和反向代理,而是发展成为真正的用于 Web 应用程序和服务的“瑞士军刀”,增加了诸如负载均衡、缓存、安全和内容加速等重要的核心功能。NGINX 凭借优秀的性能和丰富的特性迅速获得了市场份额。

2011 年,Igor 与联合创始人 Maxim Konovalov 和 Andrew Alexeev 成立了 NGINX 公司,开始围绕 NGINX 提供商业化服务。NGINX 以专有模块的形式向商业版本添加功能的做法在当时看来非常新颖,直到现在许多开源初创公司也采用这种模式。

在 Igor 的指导下,NGINX 自公司成立以来一直不断地改进其开源产品,并发布了 140 多个版本。除了 NGINX,Igor 还监督了其他流行的 NGINX 项目的快速发展,包括 NGINX JavaScript (njs) 和 NGINX Unit。他还设计了一个新的sendfile(2)系统调用实现,该实现被整合到 FreeBSD 操作系统中

▲ 右起:Igor Sysoev、首席执行官 Gus Robertson、联合创始人 Andrew Alexeev 和 Maxim Konovalov

2019 年 3 月 11 日,F5 以 6.7 亿美元收购 NGINX。

2019 年底,NGINX 为超过 4.75 亿个网站提供支持,到 2021 年,NGINX 成为世界上使用最广泛的 Web 服务器