《大明王朝1566》中,李玄将死之际,为何笑说:“死也值了”?

In “Da Ming Dynasty 1566”, when Li Xuan was about to die, why did he laugh and say, “Death is worth it”?
Li Xuan, the eunuch, is the favorite godson of Yang Jinshui, the eunuch of Jiangnan Weaving Bureau and the head of the Zhejiang Shipping Division, and Yang Jinshui is also the favorite godson of Lu Fang, the eunuch of the Si Lijian and the personal secretary of Emperor Jiajing.
If there was no such thing as destroying the dike and flooding the fields, Li Xuan, Yang Jinshui’s successor, would definitely have a brighter career, but it backfired, so why did the trusted Li Xuan become the first batch of unjustly killed ghosts?
And before he died, why did he feel that death was worth it?
1. The position of director of the Xin’an River channel was actually held concurrently by Ma Ningyuan, the prefect of Hangzhou. The supervision of the Xin’an River was concurrently held by Li Xuan, an eunuch sent by the imperial court, and he did not know about the destruction of the embankments and the flooding of the fields.
Before explaining why Li Xuan was executed, let’s briefly talk about the eunuch rules of the Ming Dynasty: if we look at the history, we will clearly find that the three periods when eunuchs had the greatest power were the Eastern Han Dynasty, the late Tang Dynasty, and the There is tomorrow.
But in fact, these three dynasties are also different. The eunuchs in the Eastern Han Dynasty are a bit lacking in confidence and rely on the emperor to issue orders; the eunuchs in the late Tang Dynasty are more excessive. When you are happy, you are the emperor. If you are not happy, change the emperor. The eunuch has changed again, becoming a dog of the emperor, loyal and loyal, in the words of Yang Jinshui in the play: “I am the emperor, and I am a dog sent by the ancestors to Zhejiang, I have to watch it. This home!”
Even though Zhu Yuanzhang, the founding emperor of the Ming Dynasty, was born from a leopard, in fact, his summary of the history was quite accurate. After he ascended the throne, he issued an order prohibiting eunuchs from interfering in politics, and wrote it into the law of the Ming Dynasty: “Internal ministers must not interfere in political affairs, and beheaded.”
It was Xiao Zhu who broke this rule—Zhu Di, yes, he even ousted Zhu Yunwen, the heir to the throne designated by Lao Zhu. Do you still care about such a rule?
2. During Zhu Di’s initiating the pacification process, many eunuchs made great contributions. After he ascended the throne, he also began to reuse eunuchs. For example, Zheng He, the eunuch of the Three Guarantees that we know best, Dongchang was also established from that time.
Lao Zhu knows a truth: “The hooligan is not scary, just afraid that the hooligan has culture!”
He himself had the light of literacy back then, otherwise he really wouldn’t be able to be the emperor. When his great-grandson Zhu Zhanji came to the throne, this kid was lazy and didn’t want to read the memorial, so he opened a campus in the palace and began to teach eunuchs to read and write.
In the era of Zhu Qizhen, the eunuch group was completely released, and the great eunuch Wang Zhen not only arbitrarily authoritative, but even kicked the old Zhu’s sign in front of the palace that “internal ministers must not interfere in political affairs”. Under his wise command, he gave Yingzong to the Oara people smoothly at Tumubao.
After that, the eunuch group began to act as an independent political force, active above the court, helping the imperial power to check and balance the civil service group.
Li Xuan is in the fourth stage, the eunuch group under the imperial power was sent to Zhejiang, similar to the political commissar, to supervise the local chief, so his relationship with Ma Ningyuan is this relationship.
Li Xuanneng became Yang Jinshui’s favorite godson. Needless to say, he is smart and intelligent. Let’s see his performance in the play: After Xin’anjiang broke his mouth, he immediately reported to Yang Jinshui: “Godfather, godfather, nine The weirs of the county, the nine counties are all cracked, someone must break, this is to harm the son, and the godfather!”
3. When Li Xuan faced a crisis, all he could think of was Yang Jinshui who could help him, and he had to find a way to tie him up.
Yang Jinshui asked him back, “How can there be a river bank like a golden soup in this world, and how can there be a weir like a golden soup?”
Li Xuan immediately understood that it wasn’t because we embezzled the river repair funds that led to the destruction of the embankment, it was really a man-made breach, and godfather Yang Jinshui knew about it: “Godfather, you all know about this? ”
Knowing but not knowing, Yang Jinshui dares to admit that he knows, he can only hint to Li Xuan that sometimes it is good for him to know less about work: “Some things are not as heavy as four or two on the scale, but one thousand on the scale. Can’t beat it!”
Yang Jinshui said that you can’t die, but Li Xuan is not stupid, he can’t save it, so quickly transfer me away?
He promised to be transferred immediately. In fact, Li Xuan can’t leave now. Whether he can survive or not is not up to Yang Jinshui, but Hu Zongxian.
According to their reasoning, as long as Hu Zongxian reports this disaster in the name of natural disaster, then no one else will die, but Hu Zongxian has his own considerations: “In the same Dragon Boat Festival, the Baimao River and Wusong River in neighboring provinces and our It was the dyke repaired last year, and one of our rivers spent the money for repairing the dykes of their two rivers. Their dykes are safe there, and we have had such a big flood here. You have to make up this lie!”
As the saying goes, tucking long-johns into socks and Qiuyi tucked into long-johns is the minimum respect for winter. The embankment built by others has a copper wall and an iron wall, but the embankment we built broke in nine counties. Is this why we are going to die together?
4. If you don’t want to die in a group, then someone has to take responsibility. Who should take the responsibility?
Ma Ningyuan, the prefect of Hangzhou, Li Xuan, the river supervisor, Chang Boxi, the magistrate of Chun’an County, and Zhang Zhiliang, the magistrate of Jiande County!
Ma Ningyuan’s death has been analyzed before, but at least he knew about it, and he did it on purpose. That is to solve the dilemma of changing rice to mulberry. It cannot be said that Ma Ningyuan did not try his best. He also tried his best, but he did not succeed.
And his simple head couldn’t think of a better way. He only knew that if he didn’t change, Hu Zongxian would be implicated, and he destroyed the dike and flooded the fields. He went to bear the crime himself, and Hu Zongxian would pass the test smoothly.
He has already been accused of “greeting ink and repairing river silver”, but his reputation is not good, but today the sage is a greedy master. If Li Xuan is not dead, Yang Jinshui will not be clean, and Lu Fang will be implicated. Emperor Jiajing is a person who takes good face.
Later, Shen Yishi went to buy grain under the guise of the “Weaving Bureau”, and the Jiajing Emperor was furious. Yang Jinshui tried his best to take off those lanterns.
It was the second time that Li Xuan was called by Yang Jinshui, and the courtesy was appropriately high. If something went wrong, there must be a demon, Li Xuan was about to urinate: “Godfather, you always know that your son is timid, so don’t scare me! ”
After saying three words with Yang Jinshui and pouring three glasses of wine for Li Xuan, Li Xuan knew that he was doomed.
Many people didn’t understand it. Li Xuan was sure to die. He even said it himself: “I can’t help myself if I want it or not.”
That’s already the case, why did Yang Jinshui have to give Yun Niang to him for a night’s sleep? If he didn’t give it to him, could Li Xuan be able to turn the sky over?
5. Compared with the other three, Ma Ningyuan, Chang Boxi, and Zhang Zhiliang, Li Xuan was the most wronged. Those three knew what they were doing, and Li Xuan was a completely innocent victim.
Li Xuan actually died for Yang Jinshui, who knew about it, and already died for his godfather. If Yang Jinshui didn’t express it, how could he live?
And Li Xuan’s biggest wish is to accompany Yunniang to sleep, such a small request, Yang Jinshui will definitely be satisfied with him. You must know that Li Xuan can be exonerated. If he didn’t die without reluctance, Yang Jinshui would not be able to take such a big risk if he pulled something out.
As the eunuchs, they also asked for special rules. Li Xuan died for Yang Jinshui, and Yang Jinshui fought against thunder for Lu Fang. If there is no such rule, it is not known whether Yang Jinshui can escape Chen Hong’s murderous intention, but he will definitely die at the hands of Lu Fang.
In front of Emperor Jiajing, the death of a few godsons is nothing at all!
Yunniang stayed with Li Xuan for one night, Yang Jinshui didn’t say anything, Shen Yishi couldn’t take it anymore, and then he asked Yunniang, “You have to show me how you served Li Xuan that night!”
Yunniang didn’t want to, Shen Yishi was sad, and asked if it was too cheap, Yunniang cried: “Li Xuan, treat me as a god, you, treat me as a slut!”
And what happened that night?
In fact, nothing happened. Li Xuan was an eunuch after all, but he thought that he had to have that kind of strength. He just slept on Yun Niang’s lap for one night.
Before the execution, Li Xuan also sang a play: “Whoever dyes frost and forest is drunk when Xiao comes, always leaves tears…”
This scene is a Kunqu Opera. It is about Yingying seeing Zhang Sheng off. When she saw her off, she burst into tears… Is Li Xuan’s death unjust?
Not wrong at all!
Just like when we write a manuscript, if the channel review fails, then there is not a single word in the article that is innocent!
Anyway, both sides are dead, and Li Xuan can be accompanied by a beautiful woman before he dies, and death is naturally worth it.

李玄,宦官,是江南织造局兼浙江市舶司总管宦官杨金水最宠爱的干儿子,而杨金水,又是司礼监掌印宦官兼嘉靖帝贴身秘书吕芳最宠爱的干儿子。

假如没有毁堤淹田这件事,作为杨金水接班人的李玄,其仕途必然会一片光亮,但事与愿违,那么深受信赖的李玄,为什么成为第一批冤死鬼呢?

而其在临死前,为什么却觉得死也值了呢?

一、

新安江河道总管职务,其实是杭州知府马宁远兼任的,毁堤淹田之事,他是知情的。新安江河道监管职务,是朝廷派来的宦官李玄兼任的,而毁堤淹田之事,他是不知情的。

在解说李玄为什么会被处死之前,咱们先简略地讲一下明朝的宦官准则:

咱们看前史,会明显地发现,宦官权利最大的三个时期,一个是东汉,一个是晚唐,再有便是明朝了。

但其实这三个朝代也有所不同,东汉的宦官有点底气不足,是依托皇帝发号施令的;晚唐的宦官就比较过分了,高兴起来你是皇上,不高兴了,换个皇上;等到了明朝的宦官,则又变了,变成了皇上的一条犬,忠心耿耿,用剧中杨金水的话讲便是:

“我便是皇上,便是老祖宗派到浙江来的一条狗,我得看住这个家!”

别看大明的开朝皇帝朱元璋是土豹子出身,其实他对前史的总结适当精确,即位皇帝后就公布有指令,禁止宦官干政,并写进了大明律法:

“内臣不得干涉政事,预者斩。”

坏了这个规则的是小朱——朱棣,是啊,他连老朱指定的皇位继承人朱允炆都给赶下台了,还在乎这么个规则吗?

二、

朱棣在发起靖难过程中,很多宦官立了大功,他即位后,也开端重用宦官,比如咱们最了解的三保宦官郑和,东厂也是从那时候开端设立。

老朱深知一条真理:

“流氓不可怕,就怕流氓有文化!”

他自己当年也是沾了识字的光,否则还真当不上这个皇上。等到了他曾孙朱瞻基即位,这小子比较懒,懒得看奏折,于是在宫里开了所校园,开端教宦官读书识字。

等到了朱祁镇时代,宦官集团彻底放飞了,大宦官王振,不仅独断专权,甚至把老朱立在宫前“内臣不得干涉政事”的牌子都给踢飞了。在他英明神武地指挥下,顺畅地在土木堡把英宗送给了瓦剌人。

再之后,宦官集团就开端作为一支独立的政治力量,活泼于朝堂之上,帮忙皇权制衡文官集团。

李玄便是第四阶段下,皇权下的宦官集团派到浙江,类似于政委人物,担任监督当地长官,所以他跟马宁远的关系便是这种关系。

李玄能成为杨金水最宠爱的干儿子,其聪明才智自不必说,咱们看看他在剧中的体现:

新安江决口后,他第一时间汇报了杨金水:

“干爹,干爹,九个县,九个县的堰口都,都裂了,一定有人要决口,这是要害儿子,害干爹您呐!”

三、

李玄面对危机时,能想到的,能求助的只有杨金水,并且还得想方设法跟他绑缚在一起。

杨金水反问他:

“这世上哪有金汤一般的河堤,哪有金汤一般的堰口?”

李玄立刻就理解了,本来真不是因为咱们贪污了修河款,导致的毁堤,这还真是人为的决堤,而干爹杨金水是知情的:

“干爹,这事您都知道?”

知道也得不知道啊,杨金水哪里敢承认知道,只能是暗示李玄,有时候少知道点工作对自己有优点:

“有些事儿不上秤没有四两重,但是上了秤一千斤都打不住!”

杨金水嘴上说着死不了你,但李玄不傻啊,已然不能挽救了,那就赶忙把我调走吧?

嘴上答应了立刻调走,实际上,李玄现已走不了了,他能不能活下来,现已不是杨金水说得算了,而是胡宗宪。

依照他们的推理,只需胡宗宪以天灾的名义上报这次灾情,那么其他人都不会死,但是胡宗宪有自己的考虑:

“同样的端午汛,邻省的白茆河、吴淞江和咱们都是去年修的堤,咱们一条江花了他们两条江的修堤款。他们那里堤固人安,咱们这儿倒出了这么大的水灾。这个谎,你们得扯圆了!”

正所谓秋裤塞进袜子里,秋衣扎进秋裤里,才是对冬季最起码的尊重。人家修的大堤铜墙铁壁,咱们修的大堤却九县决口,这是咱们要抱团赴死吗?

四、

已然不想抱团赴死,那么就得有人担责,谁担任?

杭州知府马宁远,河道监管李玄,淳安知县常伯熙,建德知县张知良!

马宁远之死前面现已剖析过了,但好歹他马宁远是知情的,并且他这样做也是有意图的。那便是解决改稻为桑的困局,不能说马宁远没有尽力,他也尽力过,但没有成功。

而他简略的脑袋想不到更好的办法,他只知道假如不改,胡宗宪会受牵连,而毁了堤淹了田,自己前去担罪,胡宗宪就顺畅过关了。

已然被冠上了“贪墨修河银子”的罪名,那名声可就不好了,偏偏当今圣上是一个贪名的主。李玄不死,杨金水就干净不了,吕芳就会受牵连,嘉靖帝但是适当好面子之人。

后来沈一石打着“织造局”幌子去买粮,嘉靖帝都暴怒,杨金水拼了老命也要摘掉那几个灯笼。

李玄第2次被杨金水叫来,且礼遇适当之高,事出异常必有妖啊,李玄其时就快吓尿了:

“干爹,您老知道儿子胆子小,就别吓我了!”

跟着杨金水说了三句话,给李玄倒了三杯酒,李玄就知道,自己在劫难逃了。

很多人没看懂,已然李玄必死无疑,连自己都说了:

“愿意不愿意也由不得自己。”

已然如此,杨金水为什么还非要把芸娘送给他睡一晚呢,不给他,难道李玄也能翻了天?

五、

李玄相对于另外三个一起赴死的马宁远、常伯熙、张知良,他是最冤的,那三位好歹知道自己在干什么,而李玄完全是无辜的牺牲品。

李玄其实是替知情的杨金水死,已然是替干爹死,杨金水不表示一下,怎样过得去?

而李玄最大的心愿便是陪芸娘睡一觉,这么一个小小的要求,杨金水必然会满意他。要知道李玄是完全可以脱罪的,假如他不是毫不勉强赴死,万一再扯出点东西来,杨金水承担不了这么大的危险。

而作为宦官这一支,又要求特别讲规则,李玄替杨金水赴死,杨金水替吕芳抗雷。假如没有这点规则,杨金水逃不逃得过陈洪的杀心尚不得知,但他肯定会死于吕芳之手。

在嘉靖帝面前,死几个干儿子,底子不叫什么!

芸娘陪了李玄一晚,杨金水没说什么,沈一石受不了了,过后他追问芸娘:

“你得将那天晚上怎么伺候李玄,做一遍给我看!”

芸娘不愿,沈一石黯然神伤,反问是不是太贱了,芸娘哭了:

“李玄,把我当成天人,你,把我当成贱人!”

而那晚到底产生了什么呢?

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