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史上最袖珍,只有10M的微型Linux系统 :Tiny Core Linux

TinyCoreLinux 是一份很小(10 MB)的最低限度Linux桌面。最新版本基于Linux 3.x内核、Busybox、Tiny X、FLTK图形用户界面、JWM窗口管理器,全部运行在内存中。它并非一份完整的桌面,也不完整支持所有的硬件;它只代表能引导进入一份最小X窗口桌面 所需的核心内容,典型情况下可包含对有线网络的访问。这份最小桌面可以通过从在线软件仓库安装额外应用软件来进行扩展。linux系统下载

Welcome to The Core Project – Tiny Core Linux
The Core Project is a highly modular based system with community build extensions.

It starts with a recent Linux kernel, vmlinuz, and our root filesystem and start-up scripts packaged with a basic set of kernel modules in core.gz. Core (11MB) is simply the kernel + core.gz – this is the foundation for user created desktops, servers, or appliances. TinyCore is Core + Xvesa.tcz + Xprogs.tcz + aterm.tcz + fltk-1.3.tcz + flwm.tcz + wbar.tcz

TinyCore becomes simply an example of what the Core Project can produce, an 16MB FLTK/FLWM desktop.

CorePlus ofers a simple way to get started using the Core philosophy with its included community packaged extensions enabling easy embedded frugal or pendrive installation of the user’s choice of supported desktop, while maintaining the Core principal of mounted extensions with full package management.

It is not a complete desktop nor is all hardware completely supported. It represents only the core needed to boot into a very minimal X desktop typically with wired internet access.

The user has complete control over which applications and/or additional hardware to have supported, be it for a desktop, a netbook, an appliance, or server, selectable by the user by installing additional applications from online repositories, or easily compiling most anything you desire using tools provided.

The latest version: 10.1

最新版本基于Linux 3.x内核、Busybox、Tiny X、FLTK图形用户界面、JWM窗口管理器,全部运行在内存中。它并非一份完整的桌面,也不完整支持所有的硬件;它只代表能引导进入一份最小X窗口桌面 所需的核心内容,典型情况下可包含对有线网络的访问。这份最小桌面可以通过从在线软件仓库安装额外应用软件来进行扩展。 [1]

看到 Tiny Core Linux 的时候你可能会发出感慨,什么叫做麻雀虽小五脏俱全。它的体积仅有十几MB左右,却依然提供了图形化的界面。而且得益于体积小,Tiny Core Linux 采用了「将系统内核完全装载在内存中运行」的方式,因此无论是启动还是运行速度都极快!

当然,它并没有预装任何程序,极度的精简也带来一些问题,譬如驱动不全,默认情况下它并不能支持全部的硬件,它只包含了 Linux 内核和一个非常精简的X桌面,以及对有线网络的支持。用户可以通过在线 Repository 自行安装硬件驱动和第三方程序,也可以手动编译所需的软件。

但是,Tiny Core Linux 好玩和实用之处恰恰是让用户有充分的定制自由,通过加装软件、添加驱动模块扩展其应用来打造自己的最小的实用性 Linux 系统。

Tiny Core Linux 的用途广泛
别以为 Tiny Core Linux 只是体积小速度快,其实它用途也是很广的。譬如初入门 Linux 想学习下最简单的命令,你可以几分钟内就能下载并在虚拟机里跑起 Tiny Core Linux,而其他的 Linux 发行版想必都没下载完吧。而作为一个精简的 Linux 虚拟机来使用,不仅占用资源极小,速度也很快!

官方下载 http://www.tinycorelinux.net/downloads.html

Tiny Core Linux 三个版本:
Tiny Core Linux 其实提供了三个不同版本供用户下载,分别是 Core (11MB)、TinyCore (16MB) 以及 CorePlus (106MB),其中 Core 版只包含命令行,没有图形界面,适用于高级用户或用来定制应用;TinyCore 版则是提供了图形界面、网络连接等功能,比较适合大众用户;而 CorePlus 版则内置了更多的安装工具,安装时可以在7种窗口管理器中自由选择,支持非美国键盘等。

The Core Project, as suggested by our name, is not a turnkey desktop distribution. Instead we deliver just the core Linux from which it is quite easy to add what you want. We offer 3 different x86 “cores” to get you started: Core, TinyCore, and our installation image, CorePlus.
Core
(11 MB)
Core is the base system which provides only a command line interface and is therefore recommended for experienced users only. Command line tools are provided so that extensions can be added to create a system with a graphical desktop environment. Ideal for servers, appliances, and custom desktops.
TinyCore
(16 MB)
TinyCore is the recommended option for new users who have a wired network connection. It includes the base Core system plus X/GUI extensions for a dynamic FLTK/FLWM graphical desktop environment.
CorePlus
(106 MB)
CorePlus is an installation image and not the distribution. It is recommended for new users who only have access to a wireless network or who use a non-US keyboard layout. It includes the base Core System and installation tools to provide for the setup with the following options: Choice of 7 Window Managers, Wireless support via many firmware files and ndiswrapper, non-US keyboard support, and a remastering tool.
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