能源是人类的头等大事之一,传统化石燃料存在多种弊端,核聚变才是终极追求,一旦搞定就可以获得无穷无尽的电力,现在人们对核聚变发电技术的投资越来越多,业内公司也自信2030年前就可以发电。

FIA聚变工业协会日前发布了一份报告,指出在过去的一年中,核聚变领域的投资暴涨了139%,私人投资核聚变的资金达到了28.3亿美元。

上一份报告是在2021年发布的,当时才有23家公司参与商业核聚变,今年增加到了33家,其中有6家公司的融资额超过了2亿美元,其中CFS(Commonwealth Fusion Systems)公司融资超过18亿美元,Helion Energ的融资也超过了5亿美元。

投资额及公司大涨意味着业界对商业核聚变的信心增强,有93%的受访者认为可以在2030年代实现商业核聚变发电,高于去年的83%。

从调查来看,认为在未来10-20年内实现核聚变发电的公司越来越多,信心十足。

我们之前也报道过这里提到的CFS核聚变项目,它去年底得到了比尔盖茨、谷歌等公司的投资,计划在美国建立一座聚变反应堆SPARC,占地将近47亩,预期在2025年实现商业核聚变发电。

SPARC核聚变反应堆也会采用托卡马克技术路线,通过强大的磁场控制上亿度高温的等离子体,但是CFS公司表示他们的反应堆不像其他托卡马克装置那样使用成本高昂的材料,足够低成本下依然能创造出强大的磁场约束装置。

盖茨、谷歌参与投资 美国CFS公司开建核聚变电站:2025年商业发电

与现有的发电技术相比,核聚变发电可以说是人类解决能源危机的终极梦想,一旦解决技术问题就能获得源源不断的电力供应,现在由比尔·盖茨、谷歌等参与投资的美国CFS公司开建核聚变电站,预计2025年商业发电。

对于核聚变发电,准确来说现在技术上的问题已经取得突破,包括中国在内的多个国家都做到了可控核聚变发电,然而现在的核心问题是用于触发核聚变的能量高于发出来的能量,所以没有商业可行性。

CFS公司(Commonwealth Fusion Systems)是美国一家以商业核聚变为目标的能源公司,由MIT麻省理工创立,获得了比尔盖茨、谷歌等名人、企业的投资,该公司现在募集了18亿美元的资金,计划在美国建立一座聚变反应堆SPARC,占地将近47亩,预期在2025年实现商业核聚变发电。

SPARC核聚变反应堆也会采用托卡马克技术路线,通过强大的磁场控制上亿度高温的等离子体,但是CFS公司表示他们的反应堆不像其他托卡马克装置那样使用成本高昂的材料,足够低成本下依然能创造出强大的磁场约束装置。

Energy is one of the top priorities of human beings. Traditional fossil fuels have many disadvantages. Nuclear fusion is the ultimate pursuit. Once done, you can get endless power. Now people are investing more and more in nuclear fusion power generation technology. Industry companies It is also confident that electricity can be generated before 2030.

The FIA ​​Fusion Industry Association recently released a report that pointed out that in the past year, investment in the field of nuclear fusion has soared by 139%, and private investment in nuclear fusion has reached 2.83 billion US dollars.

The last report was released in 2021, when there were only 23 companies involved in commercial nuclear fusion, this year has increased to 33, of which 6 companies have raised more than $200 million, including CFS (Commonwealth Fusion Systems) company. With more than $1.8 billion in financing, Helion Energ has also raised more than $500 million.

The surge in investment and companies means that the industry has increased confidence in commercial fusion, with 93% of respondents believing that commercial fusion power generation can be achieved in the 2030s, up from 83% last year.

From the survey, more and more companies believe that nuclear fusion power generation will be realized in the next 10-20 years, and they are very confident.

We have also reported on the CFS nuclear fusion project mentioned here. It received investment from companies such as Bill Gates and Google at the end of last year. It plans to build a fusion reactor SPARC in the United States, covering an area of ​​nearly 47 acres, and is expected to be commercialized in 2025. Nuclear fusion power generation.

The SPARC nuclear fusion reactor will also use the tokamak technology route, which uses a powerful magnetic field to control the plasma at a high temperature of hundreds of millions of degrees, but CFS company said that their reactor does not use expensive materials like other tokamak devices, and it is low-cost enough It can still create a powerful magnetic confinement device.

Gates and Google participate in the investment of the US CFS company to build a nuclear fusion power station: commercial power generation in 2025

Compared with the existing power generation technology, nuclear fusion power generation can be said to be the ultimate dream of human beings to solve the energy crisis. Once the technical problem is solved, a steady supply of electricity can be obtained. Now, the US CFS, which is invested by Bill Gates, Google and others, The company has started to build a nuclear fusion power station, which is expected to generate commercial power in 2025.

For nuclear fusion power generation, technically speaking, breakthroughs have been made. Many countries, including China, have achieved controllable fusion power generation. However, the core problem now is that the energy used to trigger nuclear fusion is higher than out of energy, so there is no commercial viability.

CFS (Commonwealth Fusion Systems) is an energy company in the United States that aims at commercial nuclear fusion. It was founded by MIT and has received investment from celebrities and companies such as Bill Gates and Google. The company has now raised $1.8 billion. Funding, plans to build a fusion reactor SPARC in the United States, covering an area of ​​nearly 47 acres, is expected to achieve commercial nuclear fusion power generation in 2025.

The SPARC nuclear fusion reactor will also use the tokamak technology route, which uses a powerful magnetic field to control the plasma at a high temperature of hundreds of millions of degrees, but CFS company said that their reactor does not use expensive materials like other tokamak devices, and it is low-cost enough It can still create a powerful magnetic confinement device.

If the SPARC fusion reactor can successfully generate electricity commercially by 2025, CFS plans to build 10,000 200-megawatt fusion power plants around the world, enough to replace almost all fossil-fuel power plants.

如果2025年SPARC核聚变反应堆能够成功商业发电,CFS公司计划在全球建设1万座200兆瓦的核聚变发电厂,足以取代几乎所有化石能源发电厂。

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